The Fifth Sunday in Ordinary TIme – Homily


After the Resurrection, the Angel Gabriel walked over to Jesus. He asked, “What are you looking at?”


Jesus responded: “I’m looking at earth.”

Gabriel saw a dark sphere. He exclaimed, “It’s pretty dark down there.”

Jesus said, “Yes it is, isn’t it?”

Gabriel then asked, “What are those little spots down there?”

That’s my mother, Peter and my friends the Apostles, a few other followers” Jesus answered. They’re going to take their flames to others and light up the entire world.

Gabriel looked at the few, tiny flames in the midst of the overwhelming darkness. He posed the question, “What if it doesn’t work out? What your ‘Plan B?’”

Jesus replied, “Gabriel, there is no ‘Plan B.’”


Today’s Gospel speaks about light and salt. There are three aspect of salt and light that we can consider. They are:

  1. The significance of light and salt
  2. The challenge of being light and salt
  3. What does the call to be light and salt look like?


1.      The significance of light and salt

Light and salt share a funny characteristic. Each of them is discernable by sense perception — we see light, we taste salt, — but neither of them is meant to be the direct or main object of our perception.


  • We turn on a light – not in order to look directly at the light – but in order to look at other things by means of the light.salt
  • Nobody makes salt for dinner. The chicken is the dinner. We put salt on the chicken because the chicken tastes better if we salt it; and the enjoyment the chicken, not the salt, is what we are after.


So if a Christian is the light of the world, he is enabling the world to see something else other than himself. And if we are to be salt of the earth, we make something else appealing to the tastes of earthly people.

This “something else” is the Lord.

light through St. Peter's windows

A Christian is to let his light shine in such a way that the world’s people see, recognize, identify and can glorify God. When a Christian is the salt of the earth, she makes something else appealing to the tastes of earthly people so that the earthly will taste and savor the goodness of God  (See “Glancing Thoughts” from Eleonore Stump).  This idea was elucidated by the Fathers of the Second Vatican Council in the Constitution on the Church in the Modern World (1965, Paragraph 40):

The Church … serves as the senses of the soul for human society. The Church not only communicates divine life to men/women, but in some way casts the reflected light of that life over the entire earth and this leads to a transformation of individual persons and society as well.


 1.      You and I as salt and light

When the food served is bland, we salt it. When day fades into night, we turn on a light. These are simple resolutions for everyday needs that address everyday issues. However, even these simple resolutions involve us in two ways:

  • They involve a personal choice.
  • They require an action on our part. (See “Focusing on the Gospel” by Joyce Ann Zimmerman, CPPS; Kathleen Harmon, SND de N; Christopher W. Conlon, SM)

  2.  Therein lies the challenge

 Like Isaiah makes clear in the First reading, Jesus also makes clear that he is calling his followers to have an impact on their world. But this presents two temptations:

  • The first is that one we share our faith, we will be faced with criticism, rejection or a PC culture that does not understand us. Thus we may be tempted to hide our faith. When this happens, the power of Jesus’ Word to transform people lives and the world doesn’t shine. The world remains dark.
  • A second temptation is related to the first and that is the thought that our faith really makes no difference in the “real” world.  Thus by not “salting” the world with our faith, the world goes flat.  In addition, when we don’t share our faith and don’t confront the criticism, the rejection, the misunderstanding, our life – in all of its dimensions – goes flat as well. Nothing special gets offered to us or the world. Having lost its special taste, we – and the culture – never changes. We just mimic it. (John Kavanaugh, S. J.)


3.      What does the call to be light and salt look like?

How are Christians to do this office for our fellow men/women if the sharing of our faith only seems to exasperate others and we seem to recoil in the face of every form of persecution or criticism? The answer has three parts:

The first part of the answer is that criticism, rejection and misunderstanding mean that you are doing something RIGHT.  The criticism, rejection and misunderstanding are precisely the first and partial effect of your Christianity upon the world. When commenting on the New York Post, former Archbishop of New York, Cardinal O’Connor once commented that if the New York Post was criticizing him, that meant that “he was doing his job.”

The second part of the answer is that although the great proportion will dislike and reject the truth, a small but noble band will receive and hold it fast (See commentaries on Matthew 5 by Robert Jamieson, A. R. Fausset and David Brown published in 1871)

It is called “Making the connection.”

A sales rep I know says that often he will be in situation where he doesn’t have what customer needs but will say, “Ya know, I know a guy and he has what you need. Let met connect you with him.”  We need to share that, “Our faith is a guy. Not a book, not a building, not a doctrine, not a set of rules. It’s a person and you’ve gotta meet him.”

And the third part of the answer is that in order to be salt and light, YOU AND I’VE GOTTA meet him:

  • Every day, in prayer
  • Every week, in the Eucharist

Only in this way can we be light and salt in the world. Philadelphia Archbishop Charles Chaput commented on this when he said that,

“The Church cannot be silent in public life and be faithful to Jesus Christ at the same time. She needs to be a mustard seed in the public square, transforming every fiber of a nation’s political, economic andlightening striking vatican social life. And the idea that we can somehow accomplish that work without engaging — in a hands-on way — the laws, the structures, the public policies, the habits of mind and the root causes that sustain injustice in our countries, is a delusion.”

The Lord is incredibly pleased and proud when we simply get up every day and do what we’re called to do. Being good is hard. Being faithful to family and job is hard. Being faithful to the Lord and the Church is hard. But we’re not alone. We have a God who loves us and supports our efforts with this grace and providence. He has given us a calling. We’re here for a reason: to change the world. That work belongs to each of us. Nobody will do it for us. There is no “Plan B.”

Audio version of the homily is here:




2 Comments Add yours

  1. Ruthie says:

    So happy to be able to listen, meditate, and learn from your homilies even if we were not present at the Sunday Mass that you, Father Zlock, celebrated.
    We find Father Zlock’s homilies very practical and enriching with “lots to digest”! Having them here is a gold mine! The homilies are also a call to conversion and holiness…….Father Zlock is a true Pastor who cares for our SOULS.

    1. Fr. Charles Zlock says:

      Thanks for encouraging words. I tend to “preach to myself” hence a more practical approach.

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